Darwinia squarrosa

Distribution Map
Family: Myrtaceae
Distribution: Moist, peaty soils in rocky areas of the Stirling Ranges in south Western Australia.
Common Name: Pink mountain bell.
Derivation of Name: Darwinia; after Dr Erasmus Darwin, grandfather of Charles Darwin.
squarrosa; From Latin squarrosus, rough or scaly, possibly referring to the fringed leaf margins and rough texture of the leaves of this species.
Conservation Status: Listed as Vulnerable under the EPBC Act* (ie. facing a high risk of extinction in the wild in the medium term future, as determined in accordance with prescribed criteria). Classified as 2RCat under the ROTAP* system.

General Description:

Darwinia is a genus of about 70 species which are found only in Australia. The majority are found in the south of Western Australia.

Darwinia squarrosa
Darwinia squarrosa
Photo: Australian National Botanic Gardens

Darwinia squarrosa is one of several species of Darwinia from south-Western Australia known collectively as "Mountain Bells". Other species in this group include D.leijostyla, D.macrostegia, D.meeboldii and D.oxylepis. Like other members of the group, the 6 or 7 small flowers are enclosed within large bracts which give the bell shape. Thus the "flower" is really a cluster of small flowers enclosed within a "bell" up to 20mm long.

The species is a small shrub which may reach about 1 metre high by a similar width. The leaves are oblong to oval in shape and around 8 mm long. The bell-shaped bracts are usually bright pink. They occur in spring and are prominantly displayed on the ends of the branches.

D.squarrosa is reasonably well known in cultivation, however, like other mountain bells it has proved to be a difficult species to maintain for a long period, particularly in areas with a humid summer. It requires excellent drainage and would probably benefit from some protection from direct summer sun. This species has been successfully cultivated at Santa Cruz Arboretum in California, USA.

Seed of Darwinia species, generally, is not easy to germinate. The species can, however, be grown fairly easily from cuttings. Grafting of this and other darwinias species onto the hardy D.citriodora has been very successful and this is the preferred method of propagation in areas where the plant is difficult to maintain.

* EPBC Act = Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999;
  ROTAP = Rare or Threatened Australian Plants (Briggs and Leigh, 1988)
  For further information refer the Australian Plants at Risk page

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